Certain tax deductions, contribution limits, and phase-out levels are adjusted each year. Looking ahead, here are some of the most common for 2019:
Contribution Limits to Retirement Plans
Funding your own retirement is a must for most taxpayers since traditional pensions are rare and Social Security alone is not expected to cover your expenses. According to the Social Security website, Social Security retirement benefits may represent around 40% of the income needed to cover your post-retirement expenses. With that in mind, here are retirement plan contributions for some of the more common plans in 2019:
Under Age 50:
401K & 403(b): $19,000
SIMPLE deferral: $13,000
IRA (traditional, nondeductible, or Roth): $6,000
Age 50 and Older:
401K & 403(b): $25,000
SIMPLE deferral: $16,000
IRA (traditional, nondeductible, or Roth): $7,000
Contribution Limits to Health Care Plans
Take advantage of pre-tax contributions to fund out-of-pocket medical expenses. Make sure you know what you are funding. A Flexible Spending Account (FSA) needs to be spent down, while a Health Savings Account (HSA) can build up over time and may be available in retirement to fund Medicare premiums. Also, paying your out-of-pocket medical expenses with these funds is not deductible since you can’t get both pre-tax treatment and a deduction, but that’s all right.
FSA Accounts: $2,700
HSA contribution limits — Self-only plans: $3,500; Family: $7,000
HSA Catch-up Contributions (Age 55+): $1,000
Certain credits relate to children under certain ages or are related to the expense of adopting a child.
Maximum Child Tax Credit: $2,000 (no change)
Maximum Adoption Credit: $14,080
While working, you pay into Social Security. If you are an employee, 7.65% of your wages (caps apply, see below) are withheld and your employer also pays in an additional 7.65%. If you are self-employed, you pay 15.3% of your net income (reported on your personal income tax return).
Maximum wages subject to Social Security tax: $132,900
Maximum earnings when receiving Social Security benefits before full retirement age: $17,640
Maximum earnings in the year of full retirement age: $46,920
Maximum Social Security monthly benefits at full retirement age: $2,861
Standard Mileage Rates
If you drive your car for business purposes and keep track of your mileage, you may use the standard mileage rate shown below. Mileage for charitable purposes has not changed.
Business Use: $.58 per mile
Charitable Use: $.14 per mile (no change)
Contact me today if you have questions or comments.
Susan A. Moussi, CPA, CFP®, CDFA SMD Tax & Divorce Financial Planning Consultants, Inc. Phone: 614.429.4172 firstname.lastname@example.org